Grammar Bases: Conjunctions and Prepositions

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gb Conjunctions

The shape is like a comma, though the location is higher.
The base works as a conjunction between the left and the right ideograms/
phrases/sentences without modifying each other.
itself is like a comma or and in English.

Conjunction base-overlays
A base overlay including represents another type of conjunction
adding the image of the other character.
{ , not}: or (conjunction, adding the meaning of “if not the one”)
{ , opposite}: but (adding the image of “opposing” )
More examples of conjunctions are in the gb-section of the EL Dictionary.

The base itself has some room, when it works as a comma,
so it is not necessary to have an empty space after this.
When a conjunction connects plural sentences each bound with the brackets ,
an empty space before a conjunction character is not necessary,
because the contents of the brackets are handled like one character.
But it needs a space on the left of the conjunction,
when sentences are connected without the brackets.
If not, the conjunction might be thought as connecting only the left
and the right next characters/phrases.

(Again the situation of “she likes,” but “he dislikes” happens.)

EL allows the structure like this, looking like no subject in the main sentence.
You’ll see more details in the verb section .
This could be expressed as the following way, too:


gc Prepositions

This shape is catching the right direction and pointing to the left direction;
and putting before a ideogram/a phrase/a sentence bound by brackets,
the base shows that it modifies the left ideogram/phrase or the predicate of the sentence,
changing the modification direction into opposite. Then it’s called preposition.

: her left hand; also
: her left person’s hand (the left character modifies the next in each relation)
: the hand of the person on her left side.
(Do you feel this “the hand” is emphasized than above phrase?)

: water of the sea,
: seawater drop, : the drop/s of seawater

English has many prepositions; also it distinguishes adjectives
and adverbs for modifier parts by ending of word.
EL doesn’t distinguish them as words;
the important thing is to be clear which modifies what, and how.
When a character/phrase with modifies a noun, the phrase work like an adjective,
and when it modifies a verb/predicate phrase, the phrase works like an adverb.

The only chance when a phrase/sentence modifies the front/left character without is
when dl (the left bracket) holds an indicator , or . (See the bracket section)

Using these grammar bases, the modification sequences are very clear.
Depending on a background culture, the order of parts of a sentence is different.
In English, usually the order is S-V-O (subject-verb-object),
and an important word comes in front of a sentence, but there are many other types:
in Korean and Japanese usually the order is (S)-O-V, and an important word comes the end.

While communicating by the same EL characters and systems,
people can recognize each other's background and sensibility
by seeing how the other use them, not only exchanging messages.

Modification by a verb/verb phrase with gc
Putting in front of a verb phrase, or compound with a verb base or ,
it shows the verb modifies the left or the predicate in the phrase/sentence.

or : (a couple of moving people)
: (catch a moving butterfly)
When the verb character is complicated compounding with other bases,
putting separately in front of it would be seen easier for the structure.

Preposition-base-overlays: characters with
Compounding with a character for direction, relation, place, time
or other basic abstract classification elements, makes variety of preposition-base overlays:
they work just like English prepositions.
{ , upper direction}: above as a prep.
{ , place}: where (as a relative adverb), at, in
(When the following ideogram clearly shows "place,
only must be enough, without duplication of )
{ , way}: through
Many more examples are in the gc section of the EL Dictionary site.
Prepositions can be created as many as needed, but too much wouldn't be good,
because when a connection part of joined characters is small and simple,
it would be visually easier to read the whole structure.

an internal sentence :
Compounding gc with the left side of the definition brackets
When an internal sentence modifies a character/phrase,
the internal sentence (no period for it) is bundled with   : the definition-brackets.
The modifier can be whichever side of the character/phrase;
when it’s on the right, put in the left bracket dl.

(the land where he is);

it’s almost the same to .
The above order looks emphasizing “the land” than below.
See more at the bracket section.

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