Brackets in the Earth Language Definition System

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El uses three pairs of brackets. See the EL Phonetic System section
to learn about phonetic-brackets .
Phonetic-brackets are also used in meaning descriptions to express names,
sounds and those abbreviations.

Here you will see about the remaining four couples of bracket:

A Pair of the Definition Brackets -- (dl -- dr)
A pair of Compounded-brackets with a character or another notation
Usage for the Single Bracket (dl) for classification
Usage for the Single Bracket (dr) for abbreviation
Meaning Remover Bracket  (rl), (rr) or -- (rl -- rr)

A Pair of the Definition Brackets -- (dl -- dr)

Indicator of the Definition System

The alphabet codes of these brackets are abbreviated as the followings:
dl: d = definition-bracket,  l = the left side closed
dr: d = definition-bracket,  r = the right side closed.
The figures close the left and the right sides and hold some contents inside.

EL works for only one phonetic or definition at a time. Since both use the same bases,
it must be clear that which system you are using for each writing.
EL communications basically use the definition system, so if nothing is mentioned,
it shows the meaning. But in some cases, you have to clear up a part as definitions;
the definition brackets are used for that.

# In the phonetic writings, and show that only the characters/phrases/sentences
between them work for definitions.

# When the writings are a mixture of phonetics and definitions,
put each page number in the brackets of the main system of the page,
and put each opposite system part in its system brackets.

# If the main writing is in English or another language, and both EL system characters appear, both EL writings should be in brackets of each system, unless it’s clear by the explanations.

# Also definition brackets are used even in definition writings for the following purposes

Brackets for additionally showing a meaning or an explanation

When a pair of the definition brackets comes next to a name
(or EL phonetic symbols for pronunciation of some language) or an abbreviation,
the content characters of the brackets are for its meaning or explanation.

: [mo-voiced palatal plosive- i]; and the meaning is "written-symbol"
The left pair of brackets shows that the contents are phonetics,
and the character inside of the definition brackets is that meaning.
Here a Japanese word and the meaning are shown.

Binder of an internal sentence

When a main sentence has one or more internal sentence,
the internal one is bound by the brackets, and handled as if all together are like one character.
At the end of the sentence in the brackets, no period is needed. e.g.

: That place is where he is working.
{10 place, that, pointing far distance}: that place
{ verb, 54 existence}: is (be), {20,34}: he, 
(present situation, work): is working

: The place where he is working and the place where I am working are close.
{34,62}: I or my or me, {08 less, 20 away}: close

: The animal is large like an island is moving.
{01,34}: it/that in a topic,   {moving, life}: animal,
{ much, volume}: large, 
{ preposition, same, recognition}): similar/similarly to, just like...
(as a picture-like ideogram): an island, : is moving
This internal sentence modifies the predicate, with the preposition.

A pair of Compounded-brackets with a character

Putting a preposition (base or base overlay) in (dl) of a bracket pair

When the internal sentence modifies the front character/phrase or the predicate,
you can put the preposition symbol gc (or a base overlay with ) in dl,
as well as putting it before .
When the internal sentence modifies the predicate in the main sentence and
it is away from each other, keep an empty space before the preposition bracket.

: That place is where he is working.
Since (where he is working) directly modifies the front word place, no space needed between them.

: His mother feels easy (free from worry) at her home, since he is working now.
  { 62earlier, {19,67}(female)}: mother
  { 37natural,68heart}: feeling easy, {19,34}: her/she,
  { 10 place of 67 life}: home (or nest), :preposition for a place
  {preposition-dl for {14,22}reason}: because, {time, real}: now

Subject indicator in one of the pair brackets

When an internal sentence talking about the subject that appears after the sentence
in the main sentence, put the subject-indicator 34 in dr, as ,
so it is easy to know the relation between an internal sentence and the main sentence.

: The number of the people who like it and the number of the people who hate it are about the same.
  (: number (as the fundamental),  65: person/people
  {25 plus/good, 39 sense,68 heart}: feeling good/ like (vt. with ),
  : it (in a topic), {04 minus/bad,39,68}: feeling bad/hate (vt. with )
  { same, recognition}: similar

  * There are two similar subjects in this main sentence.
  It must be better to express both in the same way, but here intentionally different ways are used, to show you have choices to express.
  The former phrase has a verb-modification, and the latter one has a modifier
  as an internal sentence showing the connection with the next character by .)

34 can be also compounded with , as , for modifying the front character
showing that it is the subject of the internal sentence.
A sentence in the d-brackets modifies the front/left character/phrase
without preposition gc, when only holds a subject or object indicator.

Two types object-indicators in one of the pair brackets

When the internal sentence explains about its object, 30 or 31 is put
in the proper side of bracket to modify. So the structure of the total sentence is clear.

: This is a picture, which he drew.
  ({18,34}: this, pointing a close thing, 
  { 28 plane,31 shape,15 recognition}: picture
  { {46,63}:hand,  improve}: doing something with hand; drawing (in this case)
  The internal verb shows the past tense with .
  In both sentences, the internal sentences modify the picture,
   and each relation is clear by the position of 30. )


: It is the tool, which I used.
  ({ 46 functional, 50 thing}: tool,
  : used (past verb, meaning that made … work
The modified character is attached to the compounded d-bracket.)

Conversational style --- or ---

Symbolically putting a base 42, which is an element of sound , in each pair of brackets,
it shows that the contents of the brackets is a conversational style.

This sentence is a usual style:
: He asked me if I had seen it.
  : inquiry, ask a question (with gd),     : (preposition) to
  {gc (preposition), 45 relation}: (preposition) relating to, about,
  {gd,14}, eyes-work: (experienced vt.) had seen
  His question was about my experience with ( close to the past perfect tense in English)

Using the conversational brackets:
: “Have you seen it?” He asked to me.
  (An interrogative sentence is in the conversational brackets)

: I am wondering about who said “It is blue.”
  ({ 57 wonder, 65 person}: who
  {{15,33,42}: spoken word, 20 out}: speak/say (with )
  { heaven,{23,33} color}: blue
  This uses doubled brackets, but you see the structure clearly.)

* If the contents of conversation is only sounds of voice,
use the phonetic brackets   putting in each of them.

* If necessary, you can make more complicated sentences, with your own device,
as compounding a number of bracket sequences or some symbolic base
with each pair of d-brackets, or in conversational brackets.

* There is another special usage of this pair of brackets with numerals.
See the numeral section about it.

Usage of the Single Bracket  (dl) for classification

When the single compounded- -bracket is located in front of a name putting that phonetics in   , or in front of a meaning abbreviation ( and a symbol overlay), the character in shows the classification of the next character/phrase.

By this way, various names of plants, animals, tools, towns, all kinds can be rationally represented;
and the readers can guess what kind of thing it is, and what is like, etc., through the hints from the elemental bases. This way would help to protect abbreviation confusions between cultures.


: the specific kind of butterfly which is distinctively {color, outward}: yellow.
   Contrary, means just (any kind of) yellow butterfly.

In the same way, varying nouns are expressed.
: wheat-color (It's one word, meaning the color like “wheat”: )
: the kind of fish ( ) which always in shoals ( group) (as sardine)
* means a shoal of (any) fish

Usage of the Single Bracket  (dr) for abbreviation

Abbreviations are created as a single character for each, using a dr putting in some characteristic elements of its meaning.
(*If it’s just a vocal name and its meaning is not the matter, the abbreviation is made with pr (phonetic right-bracket, putting its related phonetic base/base overlays in.)

: a country name as classification ( {settled, place,unit}: country)
: the abbreviation of Japan (the combination character of {the sun-upward} in )

: the meaning of the name is:
{the sun, upward/rising, country} 
  * This naming is just tentative idea from Japanese tradition.)

: [nihoŋ]; the original pronunciation of the name (with the phonetic-brackets):
*Japan is not their original name. Japanese people pronounce their country name sometimes as [nippoŋ], but recently they do as [nihoŋ] in around 80% cases, they say. EL uses original pronunciations for vocal names as much as possible.

# Abbreviations of historically important names will be fixed in common usage in this way.
In English, Japanese means both its language and people, but in EL, they are distinguished
as (Japanese person/people) and (Japanese language).

# For private usage, you can create single-character abbreviations for your own nickname, group name, project name, and etc. in the same way.

Also when the same thing appears repeatedly in a writing,
a single-character abbreviation can be temporary used for a long phrase or sentence,
noticing what is shortened from each first appearance and at the end of the writing.
When you see a bases overlay with , it's an abbreviation of a name or a large matter,
shortened from its meaning. Isn’t it easier to recall what it is, comparing to an alphabet initial abbreviation?

Meaning Remover Bracket (rl), (rr) or -- (rl..rr)

Putting a character in one or both of rl and rr, the meaning of the character is removed,
and the character becomes just a plain symbol mark, forgetting the original image.
Then it can be used for any symbols for temporary usage.

For example, instead of Group A, Group B in English,
, are used calling them “circle group,” “triangle group”
or what ever, since you are not familiar with the EL base name yet.
({ gathering of members}: group.
Considering the characteristics, choose various shapes like ,
for temporary classifications. The following examples and those simple usages:
({ head of member}: captain,  { event, place}: event place)
New symbols are set using above shapes and characters like these.
: means “the first captain of -group”
: means “the second captain of -group”
: means “the first captain of -group”
means “the second captain of -group”

Then for instance, these temporary symbols are used like the next sentences.

: The first captain of o-group and the second captain of -group, please go to the first event place.

: The first captain of w-group and the second captain of -group, please go to the third place of event.
( is used for requiring someone to do something)

This example is simple, but this kind of simplification ways might help
scientific study and recording or classifying things.
Please feel free to use the brackets for your notes even with English.

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