31
The pointed up triangle shape, located in the center quarter frame,
looking like something shaping up from the bottom.
(上を向いて存在を示している三角形で「形」を暗示)
. . . .
( If you don't understand how to read this page, see here first )

the hand-shape-sign:
extend three fingers {middle, ring and pinkie} to symbolize the triangle,
the back of hand faces to the reader, distinguishing from #30
(#30の裏返しで、甲を相手に向けて)

the hand-position-sign:
bring the other sign in front of the nose (重ね相手の手話文字を鼻の前で示す)

name: wo sound of woe (ウォ)

ASCII: W (associating with : w)

phonetic value: [ the close back vowel with rounded lips ]

definition (single): (function)

The indicator of a kind of objective of -verb. See here for the detail and the example sentences.
(主語によってE動詞が示す状態になる目的格を表す 文法記号)

main images in base overlays: shape, form (形)

1) Related to form/shape 形にかかわって
2) Represent the shape of the other character in a base overlay (重ね相手の字母の形)
3) For an EL grammatical term related to the function of this single form (地球語文法用語)
4) Related to the nose and sense of smell, as its shape of nose
(鼻の形との組み合わせで「鼻」や「匂い」にかかわって)

examples of base overlay:

Related to form/shape (形にかかわって)

{33( to make abstract ideograms ),31}: shape( 31 itself means 'shape',
but this single form is only for a grammatical usage, and the base overlay with 33
means 'shape' as the fundamental base overlay.
(31は「形」を意味するが、これのみでは文法記号として用いるので、33を重ねて「形」とする)

{31,53(condition)}: sight (光景)
{10(place),31,53}: landscape (景色)
{31,53,06(opposite)}: metaphysical (形而上)
{14(way),31}: style, form (様式)
{31,54 existence}: formation, mode (形態)
{14 (way),31(shape, form)}: style, form (様式)
{67(life),14,31}: the way to live/life-style (生活様式)
{13(same),31}: conformity, convergent (相似形)
{13, 26overlap, 31}: symmetry (対称)
{05(not,31}: invisible (a situation with no shape), disappear (vi. with gd),
eliminate (vt. with ge) (無形・姿が消える)
{06(opposite),31}: reverse of a shape (逆形)
{06,31,54(put)}: print (版)
{22(original),31}: original shape (原形)
{21(go),31}: forming form (vi. with gd, vt. with ge) (象る)
{47(vessel) of 31}: molding, mold( a pattern to mold) (鋳型)
{48(cover/wearing),31}: fashion (装い)
{19(in),31}: inner shape (内形)
{20(out),31}: outer shape/external (外形、外形的)
{17(upper),31}: upper shape (上側の形)
{18(lower),31}: lower shape (下側の形)
{61(front),31}: front figure (前姿)
{62(back),31}: back figure (後姿)
{07(large),31)}: magnification, expand (vi. with #d), magnify (vt. with ge) (拡大)
{08(small),31}: diminished (for the shape) (vi. with gd, vt. with ge) (形の縮小)
{23(change),31}: transformation, transform (v. with gd) (変形)
{24(hard),31}: solid (ad.), become solid (vi. with gd) (固まった)
{24,31,05(not)}: not harden(固まらない)
{24,31,06(opposite): crumble (vi. with gd )(くずれ)
{{24,31,{07,08}(degree}}: degree of hardness( of a solid thing, not the meaning of difficulty )(硬度)
{07(much),{24,31}}: rigid (堅くて曲がらない)
{08(little),{24,31}}: brittle (もろい))
{41(move),{24,31}}: flexible like a rubber (柔軟/弾力のある)
)63(weak),{24,31}}: soft (やわらか)
{24,31,64(very)}: hard, firm, harden (vt. with ge) (硬い)

{ga (change the meaning),24,31}: fixed form (定形)
{09(event),31(form)}: formality, form (形式)
{31,38(creation)}: formative/figurative ( art) (造形)
{30,31(shape)}: mark, icon, seal (印章、マーク)
{{31,30} mark, sheet}: flag (旗)
{10(place),15(recognition),31}: (a form for recognition of 'place'): a map (地図)
{{33,15(recognition)}(language),31}: written language, letters/ideograms/
any systematic visual symbols, (視覚記号、文字)
{33,15,31,21(go)}: writing, write( v, with gd ) (書)
{33,15,31}{40(balance),60(true)}(art): calligraphy (書道)
{15,33,31,28(sheet)}: notations on sheets: document (書類)
{15,,31(shape),28(surface)}: picture, illustration (絵)
{15,,31,28,41(move)}: moving picture (映画)
{15,31,50(solid/three dimension body),41}: 3-D movie (3ーD映画)
{31,41(move)}: motion, gesture (動作)
{68(heart),31,50(thing)}: present, gift (贈り物)
{31,65(human)}: human shaped (人がた)
{31,65,50(instrument)}: doll (人形)
{38(artificial),65(human),31}: mannequin (マネキン)
{{46,64}(machine)65,31}: human shaped robot (人がたロボット)

Represent the shape of the other character in a base overlay (重ね相手の字母の形)

{10,31}(the shape of #10): the right angle (直角)
{28,31}(the shape of #28): square (四角形)
{29,31(shape)}: rhombus (菱形)
{33,24,31}: (a) cone/ conic ( by the shape combined 33 and 24) (円錐)
{28, 24,31}: pyramid (四角錘)
{31,28,33}: cylinder (円柱)
{ga (to change the meaning of the other base overlay),30,31}: triangle (三角形)
{69,31}: ellipse, oval (楕円)
{31,36}: (an) ark (円弧)
{31,37}: a curved shape, curving (曲がった)
{31,70}: constricted/narrowed in the middle (くびれた)
{31,42(wave)}: wave shape (波形)
{31,26}: the shape of X ( X形 )
{31,44}: spiral shape (螺旋形)
{31,43(rolled)}: whirl, swirl (渦巻き)
{31,49}: a half circle (半円)
{01,31} { (the shape) is recognized as a dot}: dot (点)
{02,31}{ the 31( shape) of the base 02 is vertical}; vertical (縦)
{03,31}: diagonal (斜め)
{03,31,53(condition)}: inclination, incline (vi, with gd) (傾斜)
{03,31,28(surface)} : slope (斜面)
{{10,14}(road),{03,31}diagonal}: uphill road (坂道)
{11,31}: angular (かど)
{07(many/much),{11,31}(angular/corner)}: polygon, polygonal (多角形)
{12,31}: a zigzag shape, zigzag shaped (ジグザグ)
{70,31}: a shape or a condition being narrow in the center as hourglass shape (くびれた)
{04,31}: horizontal (横)
{{04,31}(horizontal),{10,24}(land)}}: plain (geographical sense), flat field (平地)

For an EL grammatical term(地球語文法用語)

{31(grammatical symbol),34}: the 'accusative' case of a e-verb in the EL grammar:
noun or substantive that actually acts the verb by the influence of the subject of the sentence.
This case is preceded by #31.
e.g. 'her' of 'He lets her work'. (The person who actually works is she, not the subject, he.)
(「〜を使う」など、E動詞の目的格)

Related to the nose and sense of smell, as its shape of nose
(鼻の形との組み合わせで「鼻」や「匂い」にかかわって)

{31,66}: nose (a part of body where nostrils are; for any animals) ; breath through nose (vi. with gd) (鼻)
{31,66,59(liquid)}: nasal mucus (鼻汁)
{31,66,{36,42}(sound)}: hum, humming (ハミング)
{{31,66}nose,39sense}: smell, scent, odor, smell ( v. with ge) (嗅覚、E動詞:匂いがする)
 

Related to scent/smell/odor (This part has been changed since April 25, 2012)(匂いに関連)
(To see the symbols, please download and install the EL font)

`YWO `scent/smell/odor (匂い) {YW nose (picture-like ideogram)(鼻)`O `abstract concept, which works systematically}
`gYWO `
emitting scent (放臭) {YWO `g `open (開) }
`YWOa `
: fragrance (花の香) {YWO `aY `flower (花) }
`YWOQ `
sharp odor (刺激臭) {YWO `Q `shocking }
`YWOq `
faint smell (かすかな匂い) {YWO `q weak (弱)}
`OYWz `
nasty odor (いやな匂い) {YWO `z  friction (摩擦)}
`YWOugp `
sweet smell (甘い香) {YWO `upOg `sweet}
`YWOh `
chemical material of scent (匂い物質) {YWO `h `material }
`YWOK `
source of odor (匂いの元) {YWO `K `origin }
`YWO0 `
odorless (無臭) {YWO `0 `zero }
`YWOX `
mixed odor (混合臭) {YWO `X `piled (重なった)}
`nYWO `
artificial scent (人工香) {YWO `n `human made (人工)}
`dYWO `
incense (香料) {YWO `d `goods(品)}
`YWOI `
perfume (香水) {YWO `I `liquid (液) }
`YWOr `
the smell/fragrance someone left behind (残り香){YWO `r `behind}


{02,04,30,31} as a picture-like symbol: for any kinds of shining stars in the night sky including the sun level stars, planets and galaxy.

. . .